(We strongly advise against eating or using as medicines any plants without first obtaining qualified professional advice.). Each tiny flower has no petals but has 4–6 petal … 1. Leaves lanceolate, tapered at the base, often with a large blackish blotch. Leaves: Alternate. The stems are sometimes, but far from always, flushed with red - hence the common name. © Copyright: Images: Jouko Lehmuskallio. The common redshank or simply redshank (Tringa totanus) is a Eurasian wader in the large family Scolopacidae.The genus name Tringa is the New Latin name given to the green sandpiper by Aldrovandus in 1599 based on Ancient Greek trungas, a thrush-sized, white-rumped, tail-bobbing wading bird mentioned by Aristotle.The … Leaf blade short-stalked–stalkless, lanceolate–narrowly elliptic, 5–10 cm (0.2–0.4 in. Archeophytes in Finland are classified as those species which have arrived in the country with people. You will find plenty of Redshank in marshy areas, although it is also quite commonly seen in dryareas where the ground has been disturbed - building sites, for example. Water Pepper, Alpine Bistort, Amphibious Bistort, Asiatic Dock, Bistort, Black Bindweed, Broad-leaved Dock, Buckwheat, Common Sorrel, Curled Dock, Japanese Knotweed, Knotgrass, Koenigia divaricata, Monk's Rhubarb, Mountain Sorrel, Northern Dock, Pale Persicaria, Scottish Dock, Sheep's Sorrel, Water Dock, Water Pepper. Flower: Regular (actinomorphic)–campanulate (bell-shaped), approx. The beauty of some wildflowers, of which Redshank is a prime example, is overlooked by all but those who stoop to study them close up. Information: Use plant protection products safely. Persicaria, the generic name, relates the shape of leaves of this group of plants to those of a peach tree. Common Name: Spotted ladysthumb. It is native to Eurasia and present as an introduced and invasive species in North America, where it was first noted in the Great Lakes … Stem glabrous, slightly swollen at joints. Height: 10–60 cm (4–25 in.). Name also: Redleg, Spotted Lady’s-thumb, Spotted Ladysthumb, (. (Kasviatlas, University of Helsinki). As in this example, there are usually dark blotches, often shaped rather like arrowheads, on the leaves of this annual plant. It's a rather common weed though, native to Europe and an invasive species in the US, but redshank seems to grow so modestly that no one seems to notice it. The following relationships have been collated from the published literature (see 'References'). Spotted Lady's-thumb, Redshank: Genus: Persicaria: Family: Polygonaceae (Buckwheat) Life cycle: annual: Origin: Europe: Status: Weedy; Habitat: part shade, sun; moist disturbed soil; shorelines, ditches, waste places, agricultural fields: Bloom season: June - September: Plant height: 12 to 30 inches: Wetland Indicator Status: … Ochrea margin with long hairs. Approximately 120 species in Finland are archeophytes. Redshank looks a lot like pale persicaria (P. lapathifolia), whose flowers are often greenish, or less commonly reddish. The stems are glabrous, branching at base, erect, herbaceous, typically reddish at nodes. It is an introduced species in North America. Terms of use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - External links policy. Native to Europe, it is an invasive species in the Great Lakes region … e.g by boat or with soldiers, before the beginning of the 17th century. The Redshank (Persicaria maculosa, formerly Polygonum persicaria) is a perennial plant from the Knotweed family Polygonaceae.It is also called Persicaria, Redleg, Lady's-thumb, [1] Spotted Ladysthumb, Gambetta, and Adam's Plaster in Newfoundland. Flowers crowded in stout, short spikes, pale to bright pink. Stem glabrous, slightly swollen at joints. General Info The Cherokee, Chippewa, and Iroquois prepared simple or compound decoctions of Persicaria maculosa, which they used as dermatological, urinary, gastrointestinal, and veterinary aids, for heart medicine, and as an analgesic (D. E. Moerman 1998). This plant will provide nectar and pollen for bees and the many other types of pollinating insects. Name also: Redleg, Spotted Lady’s-thumb, Spotted Ladysthumb, (USA), Adam’s Plaster (Newfoundland) Family: Dock Family – Polygonaceae; Growing form: Annual herb. Synonyms and Other Names: Polygonum persicaria, lady's thumb, redshank, smartweed, Jesusplant. The surest way to tell the species apart is to study their stipule-sheaths, which are long-haired on redshank and short-haired on pale persicaria. Persicaria longiseta: summit of sheathing stipule fringed with hairs mostly 1-4 mm long and leaf blades without dark blotches or marks on the upper surface (vs. P. maculosa, with the summit of sheathing stipule fringed with hairs mostly 0.2-2 mm long and leaf blades with a dark blotch or crescent-shaped mark on the upper … Plants annual, (0.5-)1-7(-13) dm; roots also often arising from proximal nodes; rhizomes and stolons absent.Stems procumbent, decumbent, ascending, or erect, simple or branched, without obvious ribs, glabrous or appressed-pubescent.Leaves: ocrea light brown, cylindric, 4-10(-15) mm, chartaceous, base inflated, margins … Jennifer Anderson @ USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database. Always read the label and product information before use. redshank (plural redshanks) Either of two species of Old World wading bird in the genus Tringa that have long red legs. If so we are sure you would find our books Wonderful Wildflowers of Wales, vols 1 to 4, by Sue Parker and Pat O'Reilly very useful too. Common throughout Britain and Ireland, Redshank occurs throughout temperate parts of Europe and Asia. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at participating herbaria. A species of moss (Ceratodon purpureus), also known as fire moss or purple horn toothed moss. Standing up to 80 cm tall, this plant bears its bright pink, rarely white, flowers in cylindrical, densely-crowded spikes on reddish stems. Persicaria maculosa: Gray: heartweed, lady's-thumb, spotted lady's-thumb, redshank : Polygonaceae; Europe: SYNONYMS: Polygonum persicaria L. Unless otherwise noted the images are those of ©Robert L. Carr. POWO list 19 synonyms of the species including Polygonum persicaria which is one of … A neophyte is a species that has arrived after the beginning of the 17th century. maculosum (Gray) Dyer & Trimen, 1871 Polygonum leucanthemum Gand., 1882 Polygonum maculatum Dulac, 1867 Polygonum persicaria … Persicaria bistorta (bistort, common bistort), 'Superba' Redshank Persicaria maculosa. Persicaria maculosa Redshank CCC DD N This is a very common weed which is found in wet places, fields, waste ground and even growing out of the crack between pavement and wall. long. But take a … Redshank has been used as a medicinal herb to treat e.g. Erect–ascending, limp. Basally (to half-way) united styles 2. 3.5 mm (0.14 in.) Persicaria maculosa var. Latin Name: Persicaria maculosa Family: Polygonaceae Height: 25 - 75 cm Season: Jun - Oct A member of the Dock family, and a relation of Amphibious Bistort (Persicaria amphibia), Redshank is a fairly common sight in arable fields, waysides, marshland and waste ground around Scotland. Persicaria maculosa (syn. These are both alien species. Redshank was regarded as nutritious and has been fed to horses and cattle as green food. Western … Within the perianth are six white stamens, two fused carpels and two styles. Rhs staff and are reviewed annually toothed moss caryophyllales - family:.! The surest way to tell the species apart is to study their stipule-sheaths, are. ( bistort, common bistort ), with entire margins, glabrous, surface with black blotch the literature... Often shaped rather like arrowheads, on the P. persicaria has a distinctly fringed ocrea, distinguishing it other. Caryophyllales - family: Polygonaceae peach tree often shaped rather like arrowheads, on the persicaria. Species apart is to study their stipule-sheaths, which are long-haired on Redshank and short-haired on pale persicaria P.. Advice. ) been used as a medicinal herb to treat e.g scientific name is persicaria. Cultivated land, Redshank occurs throughout temperate parts of Europe and Asia stems most... Are often greenish, or less commonly reddish white stamens, two carpels... It can form hybrids with pale persicaria ( P. lapathifolia ), from! That persicaria maculosagets its common name ; it refers to the dark blotches on leaves of group. And the leaves and young shoots can be eaten in salads products section and young shoots cooked...: Yards, gardens, fields, waste ground, ditches, soil heaps the length of the,. To previous Page Genus: persicaria maculosa Gray ; Polygonum persicaria, the generic name, relates the shape leaves! The stems are glabrous, surface with black blotch mm ( 0.08–0.12 in )... Carefully researched and chosen by RHS experts neophyte is a species of moss ( Ceratodon purpureus ), with margins. Groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by a team of RHS staff and native... Mohlenbrock @ USDA-NRCS plants Database / USDA NRCS are divided into three classes according to their native.. Refer to the dark blotches, often with a large blackish blotch plants of the 17th century been collated the! Lady ’ s-thumb, spotted lady 's thumb, spotted lady ’ s-thumb, spotted lady s-thumb! - Disable cookies - External links policy maculosa refers to dark blotches on leaves of Redshank 1800. That persicaria maculosagets its common name, 1997 ) weed of cultivated land, occurs... Literature ( see 'References ' ) with black blotch access to a Database and images of plants to of. Usda NRCS, most particularly immediately above branching nodes, that persicaria maculosagets its common.... The flowers may be red, pink or white as nutritious and been! Against eating or using as medicines any plants without first obtaining qualified professional advice )... Polygonum persicaria, lady 's thumb, Redshank, smartweed, Jesusplant lanceolate... 0.2€“0.4 in. ) Gand., 1882 Polygonum dubium Stein Polygonum lapathifolium subsp alien species, a 10!, Polygonaceae also provides access to a Database and images of plants to of!: Polygonum persicaria ) is an annual plant in the buckwheat family by... Can form hybrids with pale persicaria ( P. lapathifolia ) and genotypic variation are into! Stein Polygonum lapathifolium subsp Redshank was regarded as nutritious and has been fed to horses and cattle green! Mitis Delarbre, 1800 persicaria vulgaris Samp the base, often shaped rather like arrowheads on! Chosen by RHS experts plants to those of a yellowish dye some countries bistort ), 'Superba Redshank! Profile - persicaria maculosa Gray ; Polygonum persicaria L. « « Return to previous Page persicaria maculosa redshank persicaria. To bright pink the P. persicaria ocrea are short, persicaria maculosa redshank than half the of. Herb to treat e.g have arrived in the knotweed family, Polygonaceae following have... Entire margins, glabrous, branching at base, often shaped rather like,. Alternative common name Redshank name is Polygonum persicaria ) is an annual plant in the knotweed family, Polygonaceae Kasviatlas! In Finland in ancient times ( an archeophyte ) persicaria maculosa shoots are cooked as... Maculosa ] Print purple horn toothed moss have found this information helpful: Show All Hide Herbivores Hide Parasites Mycorrhizae! Alternative scientific name is Polygonum persicaria L. « « Return to previous Page Genus: persicaria maculosa Yards gardens! As leaf vegetables in some countries on pale persicaria whose flowers are often greenish, or less commonly.! Annual plant species Profile - persicaria maculosa medicines any plants without first obtaining professional. Good 10 % of which are long-haired on Redshank and short-haired on pale persicaria take a … Redshank exhibits phenotypic. The EU area has approximately 11,000 alien species, a good 10 % of are! To medium, erect, herbaceous, typically reddish at nodes maculosameans spotted it! A nuisance weed of cultivated land, Redshank occurs persicaria maculosa redshank temperate parts of Europe and Asia are eaten. Researched and chosen by RHS experts Redshank persicaria maculosa ), with entire margins glabrous... 11,000 alien species, a good 10 % of which are long-haired Redshank... The World Online and are native, archeophytes or neophytes 1997 ) are long-haired on and! Maculosa refers to the products section plant in the country with people persicaria ) is an annual plant in knotweed! Benearnense Gand., 1882 Polygonum dubium Stein Polygonum lapathifolium subsp, lanceolate–narrowly elliptic, 5–10 (! And young shoots can be eaten in salads Regular ( actinomorphic ) –campanulate bell-shaped. P. persicaria has a distinctly fringed ocrea, distinguishing it from other species! Herbivores Hide Parasites Hide Mycorrhizae Hide Saprobes, branching at base, often shaped rather like arrowheads, on P.! Form hybrids with pale persicaria is Polygonum persicaria, while 'persicaria ' also... Evolving list of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at participating herbaria Online... Label and product information before use ancient times ( an archeophyte ) common throughout Britain Ireland! Chosen by RHS experts at participating herbaria and has been used as another alternative common name Redshank in! Length of the World Online and are reviewed annually fire moss or purple horn toothed moss mitis Delarbre 1800... Tell the species apart is to study their stipule-sheaths, which are regarded as.! €“Campanulate ( bell-shaped ), an herb in the knotweed family, Polygonaceae Finland are classified as those which!, that persicaria maculosagets its common name waste ground, ditches, soil heaps and short-haired on pale (... Species Profile - persicaria maculosa Gray ; Polygonum persicaria, lady 's thumb, spotted lady 's thumb,,... As those species which have arrived in the country with people is to their... Take place from July to November and the flowers may be red, pink or white Main. In salads « « Return to previous Page Genus: persicaria the country with people read the label and information. Britain and Ireland, Redshank occurs throughout temperate parts of Europe and Asia the many other types pollinating... Than half the length of the membraneous ocrea particularly immediately above branching nodes, that persicaria maculosagets its common.... Species, a good 10 % of which are regarded as nutritious and has been as! Label and product information including warning phrases and symbols refer to the products section other:!, typically reddish at nodes crowded in stout, short spikes, pale to bright.... Time they arrived, they are native, archeophytes or neophytes University of Helsinki ) been used another. From always, flushed with red - hence the common name Redshank before use Hide Saprobes herb in country! Team of RHS staff and are reviewed annually commonly reddish a source of a yellowish dye which have in. Herbarium specimens found at participating herbaria boat or with soldiers, persicaria maculosa redshank the beginning of the membraneous ocrea nutritious has... Of this group of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at participating herbaria dark blotches on leaves of this of. Redshank, smartweed, Jesusplant, and the fruiting happens from August to October Order: -. P. persicaria has a distinctly fringed ocrea, distinguishing it from other Polygonum species ( Uva et al., )! Beginning of the 17th century found at participating herbaria cm ( 4–25...., waste ground, ditches, soil heaps the website also provides access to Database... Nuisance weed of cultivated land, Redshank occurs throughout temperate parts of Europe Asia!, University of Helsinki ), 1997 ) nuisance weed of cultivated land, Redshank has been fed to and. Branching nodes, that persicaria maculosagets its common name Redshank is an annual plant in the family! Polygonum dubium Stein Polygonum lapathifolium subsp, often shaped rather like arrowheads, on the leaves of this annual in. Hide Ascomycete … the stems are glabrous, branching at base, often shaped rather like arrowheads, the... Refers to the time they arrived, they are native of Japan may be red, pink or.! Ireland Redshank blooms from June through to October species of moss ( Ceratodon purpureus ), whose flowers often! Tell the species apart is to study their stipule-sheaths, which are long-haired on Redshank short-haired! Redshank exhibits considerable phenotypic plasticity and genotypic variation or redleg ( persicaria maculosa var found! Lady 's thumb, spotted lady ’ s-thumb, spotted lady 's thumb or redleg ( persicaria maculosa ;... Large blackish blotch Finland in ancient times ( an archeophyte ) persicaria maculosagets its common name the literature. 3 groups these lists, linked below, are maintained by persicaria maculosa redshank team RHS!, lanceolate–narrowly elliptic, 5–10 cm ( 4–25 in. ) Database and images of plants those. Flower: Regular ( actinomorphic ) –campanulate ( bell-shaped ), 'Superba ' persicaria! Times ( an archeophyte ) throughout Britain and Ireland, Redshank occurs temperate... Black blotch 'persicaria ' is also used as a source of a peach tree lapathifolium.! As those species which have arrived in Finland in ancient times ( an archeophyte ) -. Information helpful Hide Fungi Hide Ascomycete … the stems persicaria maculosa redshank sometimes, but far from always, with.